History of France franch revolution history of france revolt The French and Indian War was a war between the British colonies from the New World and Native American colonists in North America. The two countries were fighting over territory throughout the West. In 1754, John Rolfe led his army to defeat the Indians and begin a new era for French colonial rule under Louis-Philippe de Bourbon.On Aug. 27, 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte declared the establishment of an Empire, which would last a hundred years and end with the annexation of all of Spain’s territories. He abolished the nobility, created a single national currency, introduced the uniform taxation system and abolished serfdom. Napoleon also established the first public schools. A year later he granted freedom of religion.In 1803, Louis Philippe’s troops defeated the British forces at Fort Duquesne, near Paris. This forced Napoleon into signing an agreement that ended the war in June 1814, ending the French occupation of England. Napoleon subsequently made peace with Britain and signed the Treaty of Paris on Oct. 29. His father Louis Philippe became the heir of Napoleon III but died of smallpox in 1802 at only 35 years old. After this, the Emperor became head of state, president of the House of Peers, and chief of state of the kingdom. He lived until 1830, when the king died from another bout of scurvy.The First CoalitionAfter losing the Second Coalition (the Dutch Republic) at Waterloo, the King’s party and its allies formed a coalition with the opposition leaders known as the Third Coalition. Napoleon now had more political powers than any other European leader between 1800 and 1900.During this time, most of the French nobles had been exiled, including Charles de Gaulle and Danton and Claude Frollo.In May 1800, Henry IV signed up to the alliance, while Charles X remained loyal. However, Henry refused to join in order to be closer to home at Stuttgart.Henry V finally joined in January 1863.In July 1864, the Duke of Normandy’s son Henry VII was named joint commander-in-chief. As a result of French defeat in Italy and defeat in Russia, Henry became the first European emperor to have conquered Great Britain since 1813. Henry V finally took control of the country on March 9, 1871. On the same day, French troops captured the city of Calais and entered Belgium.The Battle of Loos on Jan. 7, 1872On Feb. 13, 1881, Napoleon became leader of both the French and Russian empires. Henry V, meanwhile, became commander-in-chief of both armies. Napoleon had no intention of joining the war against his mother Prussia. With Prussia winning the Crimean war, Napoleon felt as though he needed an ally more than anything in Europe. Since Napoleon wanted to preserve his reputation, or perhaps because he feared Prussia getting stronger, Napoleon joined their cause instead.On September 3, 1883, Napoleon attacked Prussia around Saint-Denis and launched surprise attacks on German strongholds. These raids led to the capture of large parts of the kingdom and many areas surrounding them. By October 1883, Napoleon had seized the entire province of Alsace and Saxony in central Germany. Later in November, he took back much of his territory in Western Prussia. While this is the northern province of Prussia, as well as much of the north of the country of Austria and Saxony, it contains most of the states north of the Pannonian border and most of the Austrian crown as well. If Britain were defeated, Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire would fall under Napoleon’s control.The Battle of TannenbergIn 1885, Napoleon invaded Italy in order to recapture the kingdom of Lombardy. This lead to a series of battles across Lombardy and Veneto. During each battle, thousands were killed or wounded. Eventually, Napoleon lost by April the following year and Austria and Italy surrendered.In December 1887, Napoleon proclaimed himself the ruler of the Mediterranean. When he arrived in Turin, Pope Clementine declared him “The Father of All.” In his proclamation, he said he could not be called Holy as Holy did not exist; rather, Holy existed through Christ and Jesus Christ. Thus, he became one of the world’s three saints, alongside Saint Peter and Saint Paul.In February 1888, Napoleon I overthrew Charles Albert Bouroché, making him head of state once again in 1889.In 1890, Napoleon was elected supreme allied commander of the armies in Europe. He became the ruler of France at the age of 25.1914After being defeated in October 1914, France officially joined the Allied war effort. After seeing countless casualties and mutinies over his men, France began enlisting its soldiers and sending them to fight without a battle. This brought many problems to nations as there were always new recruits and new countries that they were going to need. There would soon be more deaths than there would be victories.