The year was 1299 AD when a ruler of the Turkish tribes in Anatolia had a dream of a mighty tree growing out of him and covering the whole world. This ruler was Osman I, and with the help of his successors, they built the mightiest Middle Eastern Empire of their time. The term Ottoman originates from “othman” which is Arabic for Osman, named after the ruler who had the dream of the Ottoman Empire. We are going to review the historic events that marked the chronology of this mighty empire. The origin of the Ottoman Empire The history of the Ottoman Empire begins with Osman I. in 1299 AD, a leader of the Turkish tribes in Anatolia who established a formal government and gave foundation to the Ottoman Turks.
He and his son Orhan started conquering and expanded the territory to the North West and captured Bursa in 1326. Bursa became the new capital of the Ottoman state and the Byzantine Empire lost control over northwestern Anatolia. The Ottoman Turks continued their expansion objectives by conquering the important city of Thessaloniki from the Venetians in 1387. Later on, in 1389, they took over Kosovo which ended the Serbian power in the region, making way for the Ottomans to expand in Europe. In an attempt to stop the advance of the Ottoman Turks, there was the battle of Nicopolis in 1396. The Ottoman warriors were victorious in what is regarded as the last large-scale crusade of the Middle Ages. It is Sultan Bayezid I who doubled the Ottoman’s land between 1389 and 1402, earning his nickname as the Thunderbolt. Unfortunately, he failed to unite the early Ottoman empire which was bisected by the once-mighty city of Constantinople. He was later defeated and captured in the battle of Ankara by Timur. This started the only civil war that the Ottoman empire had in its 600 years of history, as Bayezid’s sons fought over succession. It is Mehmet I who finally emerged out of the chaos and restored the Ottoman’s power and brought an end to the civil war referred to as the Ottoman interregnum. Between 1430 and 1450, Mehmed’s son Murad II was the one to recover the lands that were lost in the battle of Ankara Narmies scattered across its vast lands due to the constant Austrian and Persian military campaigns. These conflicts impacted heavily on the Empire’s resources and management of its defenses on the western and eastern borders. As a result, it was overall impossible to maintain its naval presence for trade competitione ffectively. In 1912 and 1913, the Ottoman Empire lost almost all its European territories in the Balkan wars. In 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered World War I on the side of the central Powers and they were defeated in October 1918. The title of the Sultan was officially eliminated in 1922 and this marked the official end of the once mighty Ottoman Empire. The remaining lands of the Empire became the Republic of Turkey under the governance of Mustafa Kamal Ataturk on October 29, 1923. In Conclusion The Ottoman Empire left an outstanding legacy after ruling for more than 600 years. They will always be remembered for their fabulous military dominance and innovation, ethnic diversity, religious tolerance, and their still-standing architectural marvels.