History of Qatar And football world cup2022



about the story of katam and there’s no better place to tell you the story of
my country than this beautiful architectural Marvel that I’m in now which is
the national museum of pop-up it’s inspired by the desert rose the desert rose
is a unique rock formation that can be found in the Qatari desert Qatar today
is one of the wealthiest countries in the world and that hasn’t always been the
case the story goes back

to thepeople’s journey through centuries of turbulent Pearl diving which sustain the
economy till the discovery of oil which finally allowed the country to secure
Progressive future for its people let’s take a look through

people’s journey through centuries of turbulent Pearl diving which sustain the
economy till the discovery of oil which finally allowed the country to secure
Progressive future for its people let’s take a look through

a briefhistory of Qatar the land of Qatar has been home to countless human settlements over the past Millennia we have Stone Age Bronze

history of Qatar the land of Qatar has been home to countless human settlements over the past Millennia we have Stone Age Bronze

Age andIron Age evidence of coastal encampments and trade artifacts these encampmentsand artifacts have been preserved and undergoing further research there are
also petroglyphs which are basically Rock carvings from the Neolithic period that further demonstrate that humans resided in Qatar’s desert landscape in this place called there are 874 of these petroglyphs depicting things like boats and fish even in the early days Qatar was a seafaring Nation Qatar was first settled by several nomadic communities and this patch of land pivotal for its geographical location has been part of many empires and civilizations from
the Persians to the Islamic caliphite andblbthe Ottomans throughout all of these Empires and civilizations quick access to the ocean was a necessity for the development of our country this is an area called al-bida which was an old poor town nowadays neighborhood in Doha

and artifacts have been preserved and undergoing further research there are
also petroglyphs which are basically Rock carvings from the Neolithic period that further demonstrate that humans resided in Qatar’s desert landscape in this place called there are 874 of these petroglyphs depicting things like boats and fish even in the early days Qatar was a seafaring Nation Qatar was first settled by several nomadic communities and this patch of land pivotal for its geographical location has been part of many empires and civilizations from
the Persians to the Islamic caliphite andblbthe Ottomans throughout all of these Empires and civilizations quick access to the ocean was a necessity for the development of our country this is an area called al-bida which was an old poor town nowadays neighborhood in Doha

this wasa prime location for the fishing industry as well as the Pearl diving industry while the Pearl trade brought profits to the people the process of pearl diving was not easy during summer men would head out to the sea to collect pearls I’ll take a big breath and it’d have a stone weighing around their foot and a net around their neck to collect the oysters once the Pearl divers had gathered allthey could carry the men in the boat above would pull them up then the crew would go through the oyster shells in the hope that they are finding a pearl they would stay on that boat for months at Sea hoping to come back home with riches practice of pearl diving in the Gulf goes back to about 7000 years andis one of the oldest professions in Qatar the Pearl banks in the Arabian Gulf were plentiful more importantly the demand for pearls made it profitable so youcan imagine why it was so important for local economies during the pearling season

they could carry the men in the boat above would pull them up then the crew would go through the oyster shells in the hope that they are finding a pearl they would stay on that boat for months at Sea hoping to come back home with riches practice of pearl diving in the Gulf goes back to about 7000 years andis one of the oldest professions in Qatar the Pearl banks in the Arabian Gulf were plentiful more importantly the demand for pearls made it profitable so youcan imagine why it was so important for local economies during the pearling season also came with its own celebration as desche is the term for the start of the Pearl diving season it refers to the day the Does would leave the coast the season would usually begin in May and end in Septemberthe celebration would include

preparations to equip the Does and their crew for a long season away at Sea there would be singing drums being played and food being served by Alesha would be a sad day forthe families of the purlin crew as they would be unsure if the men would return at the end of the summer as the men would be out at Sea women were the center
of the home and the family life within the communities they would run the
household and tend to their families and their animals and obviously if there was a celebration sending them away whe

the families of the purlin crew as they would be unsure if the men would return at the end of the summer as the men would be out at Sea women were the center
of the home and the family life within the communities they would run the
household and tend to their families and their animals and obviously if there was a celebration sending them away whe

n the menreturned at the end of the season it would be an even bigger celebration as the days would Dr Horizon again the months of long anxiety would

returned at the end of the season it would be an even bigger celebration as the days would Dr Horizon again the months of long anxiety would

fade butnot without one final Crescendo

not without one final Crescendo

as theboats would start to dock families would call out to the divers and ask if
they’re in good health and if they all made it back safely if the answer was
yes it would be celebrated with various customs and traditions including songs
dances and games this celebration is called it would Breathe life back into the whole community at one point almost half of the population of Qatar was employed by the Pearl diving industry but as Pearl diving was growing in the 1800s Qatar was changing on December 18

boats would start to dock families would call out to the divers and ask if
they’re in good health and if they all made it back safely if the answer was
yes it would be celebrated with various customs and traditions including songs
dances and games this celebration is called it would Breathe life back into the whole community at one point almost half of the population of Qatar was employed by the Pearl diving industry but as Pearl diving was growing in the 1800s Qatar was changing on December 18

emergedas an influential leader who United the tribes of the peninsula under one flag
to protect the land from foreign and external interests which is now celebrated as the national day of Qatar as Qatar was moving towards

as an influential leader who United the tribes of the peninsula under one flag
to protect the land from foreign and external interests which is now celebrated as the national day of Qatar as Qatar was moving towards

independence though it was facing a lot of regional conflict the Ottoman Empire first got control of Qatar in 1538 and regained control again in 1871 but by this point the Alfani family were respected as the leaders of Baba and so there was more resistance about having ottoman rule in Qatar the Battle of elwajbe in 1893 was defining moment for qatar’s hopes for becoming an independent state the battle was won by Qatar andthe ottoman rule retreated

the ottoman rule retreated

withofficial renouncement of their

official renouncement of their

power bythe early 20th century

the early 20th century

followingThe Ottomans ruled the Sheikh

The Ottomans ruled the Sheikh

signedthe treaty in 1916 so that Qatar

the treaty in 1916 so that Qatar

wouldbecome a British protectorate

become a British protectorate

whichbasically meant that Qatar was

basically meant that Qatar was

controlled and protected by Britain and this treaty came to an end on September 3rd 1971.allowing Qatar to become fully independent in the early 1900s the people of Qatar were facing struggle after struggle in 1925 a terrible storm hit the Arabian Gulf and it’s known as the stormkilled around 8 000 people

killed around 8 000 people

almosthalf of the seafaring population

half of the seafaring population

at thistime in Japan then in the 1930s

time in Japan then in the 1930s

a Japanese engineer ko chichi Mikimoto invented cultured pearls which hecreated in controlled oyster farms this technique allowed pearls to become easier and cheaper to make consequently this led to a collapse of the pearling industry in Qatar and the Gulf region the real The turning point for Cataldo was the discovery of this natural resource oil in 1939 oil reserves were discovered right here on the West Coast of Qatar called the Duhan oil field unfortunately for Qatarthe second world war laid any

the second world war laid any

majorextraction but a second oil field

extraction but a second oil field

foundoffshore north of Qatar began the

offshore north of Qatar began the

country’s large-scale export of oil as the world’s dependence on oil and gas had grown so is qatar’s economy okay so that was just a quick overview on some of the main points on Couple’s history we don’t have time to go anydeeper in this course but if you’d like more information you can visit some of our incredible museums yourselves let me share a few of my favorites first is the national museum of Qatar where I am right now this is a great place to start if you want to learn more about the history of the country throughout the ages features both permanent and temporary exhibitions and has 11 striking galleries next is the Museum of Islamic Art which showcases Islamic Art throughout world history this is one of the mostcomprehensive collections of Islamic Art in the world with masterpieces from every corner of the globe representing the diversity found in Islamic Heritage when you’re at the Museum of Islamic Art there’s also a library and a park close by where you

comprehensive collections of Islamic Art in the world with masterpieces from every corner of the globe representing the diversity found in Islamic Heritage when you’re at the Museum of Islamic Art there’s also a library and a park close by where you

can enjoy a walk through and admire the architecture of the building during your visit here and my last recommendation are the Mishary Museum games these explore qatar’s untold stories their four historic houses that celebrate the history of my country they tell the stories of Qatar that other places don’t Qattar does have a rich Heritage an interesting story so when you visit I really recommend that you dive a little deeper and take a look back at how Qatar my country came

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